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The UNESCO reports and studies like Heugh’s have travelled far and wide, with a strong move towards mother tongue multicultural education in South East Asia, China, US, Russia and Northern Europe. According to Cummins, research has clearly shown that mother tongue has a very important role in children's overall development. (Illustration: C R Sasikumar) We are proud of the fact that India is a linguistic treasure-trove, a nation widely acknowledged for its extraordinary linguistic and cultural diversity. The more knowledge and support parents, educators, professionals, have about mother language development the more the children in your communities will become successfully able to participate fully in education and society. Mother tongue is crucial in framing the thinking and emotions of people. Children begin their education in a language they understand, their mother tongue, and develop a strong foundation in their mother language. This model promotes language of instruction in the mother tongue of the school district, rather than Filipino (Tagalog) or English. A language plays an essential part in the life of a human being. The power of mother tongue and multilingual education Teaching the foundational skills (early literacy and numeracy) and critical thinking in a language that the child speaks and understands is one of the most effective ways to reduce school failure and drop out in the early grades. Local and international research has found that children learn to speak, read, and write more quickly in their first language, and can pick up a second and third language more easily if taught in their first language. The use of mother tongue in teaching in a multilingual setting affects the way pupils learn. It is the language in which the child can operate confidently in all domains relevant to the child’s life. Contributions from Sierra Leone and Dahomey cover the first of the areas … Mother tongue, therefore, has a central role in education that demands cognitive development. There is debate whether students to be taught in their mother 1. the importance of mother-tongue learning1 the dominance of non-mother tongue education In many developing countries, a significant proportion of children enter school not speaking the language of the classroom. In particular, the mother tongue of a group has been an important means for maintaining their cultural tradition, history and ethnic identity. Earlier this year, during a talk on the topic at the he African EduWeek conference, an associate professor of the City University of New York, Immaculee Harushimana, said that, “The acquisition of language becomes easier when literacy in the home language has been achieved.” Multilingual education based on the mother tongue (s) in the early years of schooling plays a key role in fostering respect for diversity and a sense of interconnectedness between countries and populations, which are core values at the heart of global citizenship. The Education 2030 Framework for Action, Target 4.6, para. “Inclusive and quality education for all” – the goal at the heart of the Education 2030 Agenda – cannot be achieved unless all learners are given the foundation they need to thrive. When discussing the role of the mother tongue in this sense in education systems, we can immediately take two standpoints: legal and educational. An introduction discusses the role of the mother tongue in education, with particular reference to West Africa. Mother tongue-based multilingual education (MLE) is a formal or nonformal education, in which the children’s mother tongue is used in the classroom as a bridge in learning Filipino and English. surrounding the policy on mother tongue-based multi-lingual education. This paper reports on diffe rent views and methods in teaching English throughout the history and tries to find ou t what is the role of mother tongue in foreign language teaching. Many education systems favour using national or ‘global’ languages instead of mother-tongue teaching. It explored on the bottom-up perception of teachers and parents in the midst of country’s top-down reform. Mother tongue is “the language one thinks, dreams and counts in”. A melting pot and the educational center of the North, Baguio City, Philippines demands teaching strategies that not only adapt to the interplay of the different cultures and languages but give importance to them, too. There have always been contradicting views about whether to use L1 of … Starting school in the learners’ mother tongue does not delay education but leads to faster acquisition of the skills and attitudes needed for success in formal education. In many research on second language classroom, the role and influences of mother tongue or first language (L1) on second language (L2) learning has always been a hotly debated issue. Role of mother tongue in education. The mother tongue is therefore the greatest asset people bring to the task of foreign language learning and provides a … 59). (cf. Thus, it has been emphasised that multicultural education should play a role in preserving a group’s mother tongue. 1.1 The role of mother tongue in education Education is a potential instrument for encouraging independent thinking among the learners. key factors closely related to preserving culture. The role of mother tongue in second language acquisition has been the subject of much debate and controversy. Language, Mother Tongue, Education, Philosophy, ICT, Android Introduction The mother tongue is the greatest asset people bring to task of foreign language learning and ROLE OF MEDIA. The role of mother tongue in second language acquis ition has been the subject of much debate and controversy. 6.0 THE ROLE OF MOTHER TONGUE IN CHILDHOOD EDUCATION 6.1 IT FACILITATES LEARNING The use of mother tongue in the early education of child helps in facilitating learning, it serves as a motivation as the child moves from the known, which is the mother tongue to the unknown which is the second language or target language. Students should be allowed and encouraged to come up with their own Mother tongue is a tool of expression, the carrier of culture. Research shows this has a positive impact on learning and learning outcomes. But when it comes to the mother tongue of a nation, ... most significantly using mother tongue while getting education is really praiseworthy. Mother tongue education is not only a force for quality learning, it is also essential to bolster multilingualism and respect for linguistic and cultural diversity at a time when societies are transforming quickly and many languages are under threat, the United Nations agency mandated with promoting education said today. When children develop their skills in two or even three languages, they get a deeper understanding of how to use different languages effectively. The language facilitates a comprehension of the surrounding, learning of concepts and attaining of various skills. Cummins is at the forefront of this discussion as he contends that knowledge in one language helps learners to understand information in another language (2000). Media particularly the print media can have an immense role to play in enhancing Mother Tongue development. Mother tongue instruction may have two connotations: teaching mother tongue itself and imparting formal education in the first language of students. Mother-tongue education might also actually make the acquisition of a second language easier. Let us take the example of a French-speaking child in a small town in German-speaking Switzerland. Bloch (n.d.) quoted a definition of mother tongue as: “A mother tongue is the language the child can speak fluently before going to school. In this study, researcher emailed 10 “open-ended questions” to participants to identify the need of multicultural and bilingual education based on mother tongue education in Turkey. In 2009, the Department of Education (DepEd) recognized the benefits of teaching children using their mother tongue or first language. the bilingual child has two mother tongues. Content analysis methods were utilized to analyze, interpret and assess the … For millions of ethnolinguistic minority communities in Asia-Pacific that foundation is provided by mother tongue -based multilingual education. The importance of developing the mother tongue is now widely accepted among researchers. It further attempts to examine students’ perceptions of the use of mother tongue in various linguistic situations and the educators’ role in teaching English with the prevalence of mother-tongue over languages. Mother Tongue: The Language Of Heart And Mind. (Dyken 1990: 40 cited in Akinnaso 1993:273) We do not need to prove the validity of mother tongue education, but to contextualise work for a learner-centred approaches to early literacy teaching and learning, the following summary of international research findings is useful: This paper reports on different views and methods in teaching English throughout the history and tries to find out what is the role of mother tongue in foreign language teaching. UNESCO promotes mother tongue-based bilingual or multilingual approaches in education - an important factor for inclusion and quality in education. But while we talk about the mother tongue instruction we take the second meaning of the term. This is followed by a historical sketch of developments in mother tongue education. 4.1.3 UNESCO’s 1953 recommendation and mother tongue education 70 4.1.4 Mother tongue education, bilingual education and multilingual education 72 4.2 Theoretical constructs in support of mother tongue education … The second main component of the bill addresses the linguistic discrimination that occurs in emphasizing English education, by implementing Mother Tongue Based, Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE). Mother language has a very powerful impact in the formation of the individual. Education is often carried Indeed, this paper purports to establish an argument that the role of mother-tongue in teaching English is immensely significant. Using the mother tongue, we have (1) learnt to think, (2) learnt to communicate and (3) acquired an intuitive understanding of grammar. Should play a role in preserving a group has been the subject of much debate controversy! 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