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Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Great Backerganj Cyclone, Bangladesh in 1867 – 200, 000 deaths 5. Haiphong Typhoon, Vietnam in 1881 – 300, 000 deaths 2. During the floods caused by the typhoon, the access channel intensified the extensive floodwater destruction. More than 600 mudslides demolished more than 22,000 homes, with 42 reported fatalities. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Even though the storm was a record-breaker, officials continued to name storms Tip in '83, '86 and '89. The tropical cyclone produced high winds, coastal storm surges, heavy rains, and flooding in the land areas over which it passed. According to many sources, the supposed death toll numbered 300 000. as the ‘1881 Haiphong typhoon’ (or cyclone). Barbados reported 4,500 deaths, St. Lucia cited 6,000 dead and about 9,000 in Martinique. Typhoon Haiphong : . The name means "coastal defense". The Vietnamese government has also taken action in case of another severe typhoon hitting the area. Once it was in the South China Sea, it is speculated the storm strengthened again as it entered the Gulf of Tonkin, passing very close to Hainan before it hit the city of Haiphong. In the Philippines it killed over 20,000 people. Formed east of Southern Luzon on September 27, 1881. It originated near the Philippines, and wreaked its devastation in Haiphong, Vietnam, and along the local coastline. The 1881 Haiphong typhoon was a typhoon that struck Haiphong, in French Indochinese Tonkin (now Vietnam), and the northern part of the Captaincy General of the Philippines (now the Philippines)[1] on October 8, 1881. Typhoon Haiphong (1881) But the deadliest typhoon to ever grace the Philippines hit the country even before it gained independence from Spain! There were erroneous reports that the typhoon was the third-deadliest tropical cyclone on record with a death toll of 300,000, but this was likely due to mixing the death toll with the damage total, as the city only had a population of 18,480 in 1897. Not only was the storm powerful, but it also occurred after the official typhoon season’s Nov. 1 ending. The cyclone smashed into the Gulf of Tonkin, setting off tidal waves that flooded the city of Haiphong in northeastern Vietnam, caused widespread destruction, and killed an estimated 300,000 inhabitants. Menu. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Similarly, although on-line sources cite the death toll due to the Haiphong Typhoon in Vietnam in 1881 as up to 300,000, a recent study by Terry et al. The disaster caused 979 deaths. Haiphong is also called "The City of the Red Flamboyant" because of the many flamboyant trees planted in the city. Great Bhola, Bangladesh: 1970 - 500,000 deaths. All the deaths were in central Viet Nam. At the eve of the French conquest in 1881, a devastating typhoon ravaged the area, killing around 300,000 people in and around Haiphong alone. Haiphong now has a flood defense system including dykes/levees (though not all of them are firm), a flood warning service provided by Vietnam's Meteorological Service, and evacuation plans. It is connected to the sea by an access channel, which, during the storm, magnified the extent of the flooding and destruction. Located on a branch of the Red River delta, Haiphong is roughly 10 miles from the Gulf of Tonkin. Haiyan makes landfall, weakens into depression. 1881 Haiphong Typhoon death toll 30,000 -300,000 Vietnam 1970. Located on a branch of the Red River delta on its northeastern edge, the port city of Haiphong is situated about 10 miles (16 km) inland from the Gulf of Tonkin. On making landfall, Haiyan devastated portions of Southeast Asia, particularly the Philippines. With an access-way to the ocean, Haiphong was in a great location commercially speaking. (TIE) The 1881 Haiphong typhoon Tying the Coringa cyclone as the sixth deadliest natural disaster is the 1881 typhoon that hit the port city of Haiphong in northeastern Vietnam on October 8. The total death toll from this deadliest natural disasters actually ties with the India Cyclone. By the time the typhoon passed, most of the town was wiped out. Haiphong Typhoon originated from the Gulf of Tonkin, near the Philippines; and then, it moved forward and hit the sidelines of Vietnam in October 1881. [13][14], Any typhoon like the 1881 Haiphong typhoon would be a rare occurrence because its path around Hainan is what made it so strong by the time it hit Haiphong. The Haiphong typhoon of 1881was one of the most dangerous natural disasters and the third strongest tropical cyclone ever recorded. It has three times the death toll of Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) where it also ravaged Vietnam leaving more than 300,000 people dead. Typhoon ‘Yolanda,’ one of the strongest typhoons on record struck the Philippines, forcing hundreds of thousands from their homes and knocking out power and communications in several provinces. It is one of the deadliest Philippine typhoons on record, killing at least 6,300 people in that country alone. The cyclone smashed into the Gulf of Tonkin, setting off tidal waves that flooded the city of Haiphong in northeastern Vietnam, caused widespread destruction, and killed an estimated 300,000 inhabitants. While the storm's strength is uncertain (like many disasters prior to the 20th century),[2] records show that the storm was first detected near the Philippines in late September and the system hit Luzon on September 30. The 1881 Haiphong typhoon was a typhoon that struck Haiphong, in French Indochinese Tonkin (now Vietnam), and the northern part of the Captaincy General of the Philippines (now the Philippines) on October 8, 1881. Over 85% of homes were destroyed. About 300000 people were killed in and around Haiphong by the typhoon alone (casualties likely went up even in the storm's passing due to disease and starvation) Connected to the seas by an access channel developed by the French in 1874 gave Haiphong regional economic importance. The Banquiao Dam in Henan province was one of 62 dams to fail during the storm, resulting in thousands of deaths and millions left homeless. Leave a Comment / Natural / By devastating. Haiphong cyclone, (Oct. 8, 1881), one of most catastrophic natural disasters in history and the third deadliest tropical cyclone ever recorded. About 300000 people were killed in and around Haiphong by the typhoon alone (casualties likely went up even in the storm's passing due to disease and starvation ), and estimated 10,000–20,000 deaths in the modern territory of the Philippines, making it the deadliest Philippine typhoon ever recorded. With the high waves and winds, rice fields were flooded, buildings were decimated (and, as a result, people either were drowned or left stranded), trees were ripped up, etc. [4], "The 'terrific Tongking typhoon' of October 1881 - implications for the Red River Delta (northern Vietnam) in modern times", "The Worst Natural Disasters by Death Toll", https://hub.hku.hk/bitstream/10722/188774/2/Content.pdf?accept=1, "World: Highest Mortality, Tropical Cyclone", "Another Typhoon Descends on Flood Stricken Vietnam", SitRep No.108 re Effects of Typhoon YOLANDA (HAIYAN), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1881_Haiphong_typhoon&oldid=995118839, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 09:29. Making landfall, haiphong typhoon deaths devastated portions of Southeast Asia, particularly the Philippines the... 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